Find out how to set up your PlayStation 2 at home for the best possible viewing experience.
Every PlayStation 2 is supplied with a Composite AV (Audio/Video) Cable, which is used to connect your PS2 to the TV, either via colour-coded (typically yellow, white and red) composite sockets or a SCART (large, rectangular) socket. This is because nearly all modern TVs can receive and display a Composite video signal.
However, many televisions have alternative means of receiving and displaying a video signal, and a variety of cables are available for PS2 that are specifically designed to enhance your visual and audio experience.
This guide is designed to explain the basic differences between these other signals and to help determine which cable is best for you. (Note: Please refer to your television's documentation to ensure cable compatibility before making a purchasing decision.)
Some televisions with colour-coded composite sockets also feature an additional S-Video input. The 'S' stands for 'Super', an indication of its superior quality compared to Composite.
The S-video standard transmits video signals on two lines - one line carries the luminance (brightness) signal, while the other carries the chrominance (colour) information.
By splitting the picture in this fashion, a sharper image is displayed. The official S VIDEO Cable ensures that your PlayStation 2 gaming and DVD-watching experiences will benefit from this superior picture and colour quality.
An RGB connection goes one step further than S-Video, sending three images - one in each of the three primary colours (red, green and blue) - over three individual lines.
Because your television already works with an RGB signal internally, an RGB connection ensures that the original signal received from your PlayStation 2 will hardly be affected by interference at all.
In theory, this means it should provide the best picture quality for PlayStation 2 gaming. The official Euro AV Cable makes use of the enhanced picture qualities provided by RGB signal transmission, providing the highest visual standard for PlayStation 2 games.
The Euro AV Cable connects to the television's SCART socket. If your television features a SCART connection, please refer to your television's documentation to ensure that it is capable of receiving and displaying an RGB signal. On televisions with multiple SCART connections, it is likely that only one or two will be capable of receiving and displaying a full RGB signal.
Note: using a Euro AV Cable when playing a DVD will result in a green-coloured screen. This is due to the internal DVD copyright protection technology that PlayStation 2 utilises.
Component Video (Y, Cb/Pb, Cr/Pr)
Like RGB, component video sends information over three individual lines, although the information transmitted is slightly different. The first signal (the "Y" component) is the luminance signal, which indicates brightness or black and white information that is contained in the original RGB signal.
The second and third signals (the "Cb/Pb" and "Cr/Pr" components respectively) are referred to as "colour difference" signals, which means that they indicate how much blue and red there is relative to luminance. Green doesn't need to be transmitted as a separate signal because the television already knows what the luminance, blue, and red information is and deduces that it needs to fill what's left over with green. Component video's benefits over RGB apply primarily to the console's DVD playback.
Naturally, this only applies if your television features colour-coded green, blue and red Component video sockets. It's important to note that in order for PlayStation 2 to properly display a Component video signal, you must enter the System Configuration screen from the console's Main menu (reached when PlayStation 2 is turned on without a disc inserted).
From here, enter the Component Video Out menu and change the default video output mode from RGB to Y Cb/Pb Cr/Pr.